Lacedonianews Archivio Anno 2006

  Old Measuring Tools  
  The "Taglia"

(it literally translates as the "cut" ).

It was used to buy bread at the bakery.

It was a thin piece of wood, of cylindrical shape, and it was divided in two.

On both pieces there was a symbol to show the desired quantity of bread.

"X" indicated 10 Kg of bread, "/" 5 Kg, while "-" meant 1 Kg.

The baker kept half of it with a name written on it, the farmer kept the other half: at the end of the month the baker counted the quantity of bread bought and the farmer paid the amount due with corn.

In the end, the symbols engraved in the piece of wood during the last month were erased using a knife and the piece of wood could be used all over again for the same purpose.

The "Catarina"

Another old measuring tool was the "catarina", which our ancestors used to measure the quantity of milk.

It was a small wooden stick with different symbols engraved on it:

The first was a small nick, it corresponded to half a liter and it was called "nu tierz";

A second nick, slightly larger, was a liter and it was called "mezza scutedra";

The third one, larger than the others, was 2 liters and it was called "scutedra".

The milk container was called "secchia" which translates in "bucket" and could contain up to 12 liters of milk, which corresponded to 6 "scutedre".

Weight measurements for corn.

1 misura (measure)=2 Kg

1 mezzo quarto (half quarter)=3misure=6Kg

1 quarto (quarter)=1/2 mezzetto (small half)=6 misure=12 Kg

1 mezzetto=12 misure=24 Kg

1 tomolo=2 mezzetti= 24 misure= 48 Kg

The "canna" (which translates as cane)

Wood was measured in canes (itís still used today).

It has a rectangular shape like a parallelepiped and its length is 4.24 meters, 1.08 meters wide and 1.08 meters tall.

A wood cane weighs about 2500 Kg = ľ ton

The exact weight depends on the maturing of wood, in fact, when wood has just been cut is heavier than the same quantity of dry wood.

The "tomolo"

Land was measured in "tomoli".

One tomolo of land corresponded to 4,000 square meters.

2 tomoli and a Ĺ of land were needed to form 1 hectare, 10,000 square meters,

The "ziro".

Our ancestors measured oil with a terracotta container called "ziro", it was pot-bellied and the inside was enameled, its capacity was 1 decaliter= 10 liters.

First potography
Leone G.
Pappacota castle
From India
Ponte Tresa
Old measuring
Montevaccaro castle


Students of the Elementary School of Lacedonia have carried out this interesting research about old measuring tools

(School year 2001-2002)